Lira From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search For other uses, see Lira (disambiguation). This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: "Lira" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) 100 Italian lira (1979, FAO celebration) Obverse: Young woman with braid facing left and Repubblica Italiana (Republic of Italy) written in Italian. Reverse: Cow nursing calf, face value & date. FAO at bottom and Nutrire il Mondo (English: Feed the world) at top. Coin minted by Italy in 1970s to celebrate and promote the Food and Agriculture Organization. 1 Turkish lira (2009) Obverse: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk with "TÜRKİYE CUMHURİYETİ" lettering (Republic of Turkey) 1 Italian lira (1863) Obverse: Victor Emmanuel II Reverse: Coat of arms of the House of Savoy 10 Turkish lira (1986) Obverse: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk with "TÜRKİYE CUMHURİYETİ" lettering (Republic of Turkey) Reverse: Face value and year within wreath, crescent moon and star at the top. Crescent opens right Lira is the name of several currency units. It is the current currency of Turkey and also the local name of the currencies of Lebanon and Syria. It is the former currency of Italy, Malta, San Marino and Vatican City, all of which were replaced in 2002 with the euro, and of Israel, which replaced it with the old shekel in 1980. The term originates from the value of a troy pound (Latin libra) of high purity silver. The libra was the basis of the monetary system of the Roman Empire. When Europe resumed a monetary system, during the Carolingian Empire, the Roman system was adopted, the so-called £sd (librae, solidi, denarii). Particularly this system was kept during the Middle Ages and Modern Age in England, France, and Italy. In each of these countries the libra was translated into local language: pound in England, livre in France, lira in Italy. The Venetian lira was one of the currencies in use in Italy and due to the economic power of the Venetian Republic a popular currency in the Eastern Mediterranean trade. During the 19th century, Egypt and the Ottoman Empire adopted the lira as their national currency, equivalent to 100 piasters or kuruş. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed in years 1918–1922, many among the successor states kept the lira as their national currency. In some countries, such as Cyprus, which have belonged to both the Ottoman Empire and the British Empire, the words lira and pound are used interchangeably. Contents 1 Lira sign 1.1 Other uses 2 Current uses 2.1 Turkey 2.2 Lebanon and Syria 3 Former currencies 4 Further reading 5 External links Lira sign For Turkish lira, the Turkish lira sign (₺) is used. The Lebanese pound (also known as lira) uses ل.ل.‎. The Syrian pound (Lira, in Arabic) uses £S. The primary symbol for the Italian lira was L. but the symbols ₤ (two bars), £ (Unicode 'POUND SIGN', one bar) and prefix "Lit." were common. The Unicode system allocates U+20A4 ₤ LIRA SIGN to the Lira. (Contrast may be drawn with U+00A3 £ POUND SIGN, where the one-bar and the two-bar versions are treated as allographs and the choice between them is merely stylistic). Other uses The Carl Lindström Company and its subsidiary Parlaphone Records used the ₤ symbol in a circle as its trademark, but it is a stylised blackletter L ( L {\displaystyle {\mathfrak {L}}} {\mathfrak {L}}, for Lindström) rather than a currency symbol. Current uses Turkey The Turkish lira was introduced in 1844 during the Ottoman reign. The Turkish Lira is now the currency of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Lebanon and Syria The Lebanese pound and Syrian pound are both called "lira" (ليرة) in Arabic, the national language of both Lebanon and Syria. Former currencies Cypriot pound, or lira, 1879–2007 French livre 781–1794 Israeli pound (known as לירה "lira" in Hebrew) 1948–1980 Italian lira 1861–2002 Italian East African lira 1938–1941 Italian Somaliland lira 1925–1926 Luccan pound, or lira, until 1800 and 1826–1847 Maltese lira 1825–2007 Neapolitan lira 1812–1813 Ottoman lira 1844–1923 Papal lira 1866–1870 Parman lira before 1802 and 1815–1859 Sammarinese lira 1860s–2002 Sardinian lira 1816–1861 Tripolitanian lira 1943–1951 Tuscan pound, or lira, until 1807 and 1814–1826 Vatican lira 1929–2002 Venetian lira 1472–1807 Pound (currency), translated "lira" in some languages

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